AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES ARE BECOMING MORE AND MORE COMMON IN DOGS
Just like humans, more and more dogs are getting sick due to auto-immune disorders. What sets these health issues apart is that they are disorders where the body attacks itself. I’m sure you’ve heard of some of them. They include Rheumatoid Arthritis, Lupus, a variety of Thyroid conditions, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, etc. Have a read of Canine Naturopath Lyndall Pinchen has to say about natural ways to treat these conditions.
The immune system is a complex defence network of white blood cells, antibodies, and other substances that fight off infections and reject foreign proteins. In dogs with auto-immune disease, the immune system fails to recognise itself and begins to attack and reject the body’s own tissue as foreign. Common symptoms can include intense soreness in certain parts of the body, itchy, flaky skin, inflamed ears, excessive licking of the front paws, and swelling of the toes.
While actual causes are not truly known, it is believed that virus challenge and other microbial infection, environmental toxins, vaccination, overuse of antibiotics and steroids as well as chemical parasite products, trauma and deep chronic stress as well as nutritional deficiency/inappropriate diet may give rise to an autoimmune condition. In particular, there is a very strong link between vaccination and autoimmune conditions. Genetics may also play a role. Any process that damages the immune system can be a causative factor.
An auto-immune disease can be signalled by a range of symptoms, any of which might signal an onset. Commonly, there may be an intense soreness in certain parts of the body, often demonstrated by a “protecting,” during which the dog behaves as if keeping a certain body part untouched is a matter of life and death!! For instance, a soreness of the thyroid (a butterfly-shaped gland in the throat) might be cause for concern, as might an irritated or swollen rear quarter, illustrated by a licking or dragging of the left hind paw. Itchy, flaky skin, inflamed ears, excessive licking of the front paws, and swelling of the toes may also present as can:
Any dog that is suffering from an autoimmune disease is also at risk of developing hypothyroidism (low thyroid function). Thyroid hormones affect almost every organ in the body and therefore, many signs of this disease can be common. These include lethargy, depression, obesity (despite normal feeding amounts), hair loss, skin and ear infections, and weak or torn knee ligaments. Should this disease be suspected, initial screening blood work by your vet should be performed.
Common autoimmune diseases include:
Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia (AIHA). In this disorder, the pet forms antibodies against its own red blood cells, causing anaemia.
Hypothyroidism. The pet forms antibodies against its thyroid gland.
Immune-Mediated Thrombocytopenia (ITP). In this disorder, the pet forms antibodies against its own platelets, causing reduced blood-clotting ability.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The immune system invades and attacks the digestive tissues
Pemphigus. A number of disorders make up the pemphigus complex of diseases. In these disorders, the pet forms antibodies against its skin.
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). In this disorder, the pet forms antibodies against its own joint tissues, causing lameness and arthritis.
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). Also called lupus, in this disorder, the pet forms antibodies against a number of its tissues, including blood cells, skin, and the kidneys.
Diabetes mellitus. Also believed to have a link to autoimmune cause
A generalised auto-immune disorder will often show as inflammation of the body orifices and of the toe-nail beds, since these tissues are rapidly multiplying and are therefore the most vulnerable. This is called ‘pemphigus’. Some types can ‘target’ specific organs or tissues and are characterised by the breakdown in the involved tissues, leading to serious malfunction. Obviously, the more vital an organ or tissue involved, the more serious the disease.
Natural approach to treatment:
The conventional treatment for autoimmune disease in dogs focuses on the inhibition of the hyper(over)active immune system. A vet will usually recommend corticosteroids, such as prednisone or prednisolone which of course are not without their side effects. Using a natural approach can be beneficial to help support the body especially if conventional medications are being used as well as helping to address underlying causes.
It is of course important to get an accurate diagnosis of the condition to be fully aware of how to approach treatment and always remember to work in with your vet with any natural regime, where possible. This is especially important with autoimmune conditions as they are multifaceted and regular monitoring of blood levels etc is necessary.
This article was contributed by Lyndall Pinchen of Canine Vitality a naturopathic health clinic for our furry mates in Cedar Grove QLD. If you’re out of the local area no worries! Canine Vitality offers online and phone consultations to help sort out your canine health issues. T: 0417 710 882 M: 0417 710 882 E: lyndall firstname.lastname@example.org Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/caninevitality Website www.caninevitality.com.au